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BorealisPolar Medicine — University of the Arctic
St. Paul Airlines was commissioned by the Department of Medicine of the University of Colorado to bring a group of doctors and researchers to localities inside the Arctic Circle for a major population study. It involves collecting blood and DNA sample of the local people.
Living in polar regions entails an ability to adapt to extremes of cold, daylength, and in some circumstances isolation for long periods of time. Transport possibilities are often greatly restricted or impossible in winter due to weather conditions and/or distance. In many situations during the polar winter, temporary residents are few in number, restricted in movement, and at present external contacts depend on satellite communications. Thus, the psychology of over-wintering personnel has been the object of much investigation. The physiology of temporary polar residents is also of interest and concern. Initially, adaptation to the cold environment was a primary study objective. Later, it became apparent the lack of natural sunlight in winter was probably of greater importance.
To fulfill this mission, it was agreed that the Cessna Grand Caravan will be the perfect plane to safely transport the 6 researchers involved and their scientific equipment.
MapThe position of the Arctic Circle is not fixed; as of 28 February 2017, it runs 6633′46.6″ north of the Equator. Its latitude depends on the Earth's axial tilt, which fluctuates within a margin of 2 over a 40,000-year period, due to tidal forces resulting from the orbit of the Moon. Consequently, the Arctic Circle is currently drifting northwards at a speed of about 15 m (49 ft) per year.

Only four million people live north of the Arctic Circle due to the severe climate; nonetheless, some areas have been settled for thousands of years by indigenous peoples, who today make up 10% of the region's population. Tens of thousands of years ago, waves of people migrated from eastern Siberia across the Bering Strait into North America to settle. Much later, in the historic period, there has been migration into some Arctic areas by Europeans and other immigrants.


The largest North American community north of the Arctic Circle, Sisimiut (Greenland), has approximately 5,000 inhabitants. Of the Canadian and United States Arctic communities, Barrow, Alaska is the largest settlement with about 4,000 inhabitants.

While traveling in the arctic region, do not miss to meet the local dogs, the magnificent malamuts (direct link below)
Now, let's talk business! Below you will find the "Operation Polar Circle" flightplans. Everything has been planned according to the specification and performance of  the Cessna 208B Grand Caravan. It cann afford easily the distance of the successive legs and can use all runways included in the mission. Of course you are free to use any another aircraft. But in this case, it is your job to check distances and destinations to be sure that the plane can do it.
Furthermore, I have diceded to reopen an award page for some challenging missions (as I did in the past)
. All SPA pilots who will complete the 44 legs of the OPERATION POLAR CIRCLE with a CESSNA C 208 Grand Caravan will receive an award an have their name recorded on the SPA Hall of Fame AWARDS page


Copyright March 2017 Yoland Grosjean for SPA

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